It is a great pleasure to be here this morning. A couple of years ago we were negotiating a large climate agreement. We did that for more than 20 years. We finally got it in 2015, four years ago, the Paris agreement. The reason that it took so long is not because our parties, the 197 parties to the UNFCCC, are particularly lazy or stupid or anything, but it is because we are changing the climate through a multitude of activities. And to address climate change requires that we are taking action in a multitude of sectors. The Paris agreement is an agreement between government. It is an agreement that we all are intent on honoring, but its implementation requires much more than governments. It requires participation from civil society, from private sector, from subnational governments, from you, from me, from all of us. It is an agreement that requires us to rethink how we are building buildings, how we are producing food, how we are dressing ourselves, how we are transporting ourselves, how we are generating energy, and so on.
But this is s also an agreement that is very positive, because all these changes come with great benefits not only to the climate, but to all sustainable development goals, to health, to education, to poverty alleviation, and so on. A few years ago when we were negotiating the Paris agreement, we were really focusing on these. This is a big deal, and we need to have it. And here we are, four years later, we are still negotiating. And you may rightfully ask, what are we negotiating about?
Well, we are basically negotiating on those lost instructions for how to actually implement the Paris agreement. And we are hopeful that we will get those instructions and guidelines ready by tomorrow. And when we are doing that, we can start to focus much more on implementing the Paris agreement. Now, since COP 21 in 2015, the UNFCCC has stepped up a side of our work that we did not have before, which is to build bridges between our policy makers, our negotiators, our national governments, on one hand, and everybody else on the other hand. We are calling this global climate action.
Global climate action means now that we are trying to do what everybody else is already doing very well, namely to find opportunities to implement action and opportunities to change the way we are doing about our daily lives. It doesn't matter if you are the president of a country, a CEO of a large corporation, an engineer driving a bus, or just working from home. We are all decision makers. And by being a decision maker, whatever decision it is, really, you have an opportunity to change the climate for the better.
Now in the global climate action work that we are doing, you will have seen us out in hall four, the climate action hub, and many other where we have about 140 events in this COP where we are looking at how different parts of society are now stepping up and trying to take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase resilience. It is also 140 events that are looking on the opportunities, because we are certainly not there. You know that while we were negotiating the Paris agreement, global greenhouse gas emissions increased by 40%.
We now have concentration of greenhouse gases that are higher than we had for 3.6 million years on this planet. The urgency is there, but the opportunities are there as well. And we are extremely pleased also that we have received a lot of good support for this work. At COP 24 in Katowice, we launched together with some 40 of the leading fashion brands, the UNFCCC Fashion Industry Charter for Climate Action. This is a charter that is rather ambitious. It sets out 16 principles whereby these companies, these brands commit to look on their energy use, on their raw material use, on their communication education of their customers and on many other things that are affecting the climate footprint of the fashion, the garments, and the textile we are wearing.
Today, we have more than 100 large companies, some are small also. But really, I would say that if you have anything on your body today, it is very likely that the shirts and the trousers have been manufactured by one of the brands that have made commitment to the fashion charter. Now the fashion charter is ambitious as I said, and I think this is because as opposed to many other initiatives, it is looking at both what you are doing in your own company on the carbon footprint you get from buying energy and so on, but also on all the supply chains.
So, if you are looking on H&M or Hugo Boss or The North Face or CHANEL, whatever kind of garments you prefer, they are not only looking at what is happening in their organization. They are looking at what is happening in the organizations or downstream, and they are looking what is happening with the garments after they have been well worn and maybe torn away. Now, this is important because if you only look at what is happening in your own organization, you may have one climate footprint. If you are looking what is happening in your supply chains, we know that the impact is at least 150 times larger.
因此，無論你喜歡H&M、Hugo Boss、The North Face、CHANEL的哪款衣服，這些品牌都不僅僅著眼于它們公司本身的運營。除了著眼于公司內部及下游的運營情況，它們也在關注舊服裝或服裝磨損后該如何處理。這非常重要，因為如果僅看公司本身，那么可能只有一個氣候足跡。如果放眼整個供應鏈，那么我們會發現氣候足跡的影響被擴大了至少150倍。
So, with that ambition, these companies have said, “We are going to align with the Paris agreement. We are going to reach 1.5 degrees.” And this is an amazing achievement. One of the best things is that one of the largest manufacturing countries, China, is in the lead here. Thanks to the China National Textile and Apparel Council, which is one of the founding members. We are now seeing a rapidly increasing attention to this issue also in China. China is of course not only a producing country. It is also a consuming country.
So really commend you for this leadership. We are really seeing a lot of work that needs to be done. But by having you on board, we are also seeing so many other countries and so many other companies that are also following suit. We are now looking forward to COP 26 in Glasgow as the “big fashion COP”. There will be other labels on the COP in Glasgow, but we really believe that at COP 26, we will be able to report on significant improvements on significant progress. And we will have some very significant announcements to make about this next year in Glasgow in Scotland. Thank you very much.